Thursday, 19 April 2012

Self-portrait


    A self-portrait is a representation of an artist. It is drawn, painted, photographed, or sculpted by the artist.
Look at the paintings of: Durer, Picasso, Picabia and Frida Kahlo.







Then there is a picture of Warhol and a collage of Chris Carter.
















Activity_________________________________________________________________________
 Now it is your turn to paint or draw your self-portrait. Try to use the collage technique to make it. It's much more fun!!



Check the princetnol page to find out other ways and materials to make yor portrais. 

Wednesday, 18 April 2012

Drawing a city

Every student has to draw a city. They can choose their personal city between two options:
  • A big city with buildings in different sizes.
  • A street of a city with shops, trees, people, cars, etc.
Gallery of my students great pictures!!!!

Laura C.


Alba R.
Laura R.
Julio C. Molina
Olimpia Muñoz
Miriam P.
Pep Lluis S.
















Have fun solving the city jigsaw.

Monday, 16 April 2012

Textures in art

Textures in drawings
Leonardo da Vinci.

Texture in Paintings
1. Still life

 2. Portrait

















Texture in sculpture



Texture in design




Sunday, 15 April 2012

Textures

Questions:
  1. Do you know what a texture is?
  2. Touch some objects you have around you. What do you feel when touching them?
  3. Look at the objects and textiles around you. Do you see any texture?
  4. Do artists use Textures in Art?
Whenever you talk about the surface quality of an object, you are discussing its texture.

Texture is the element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if you could feel if touched (the illusion of touch).

Types of textures
Texture is the character of a surface and is both tactile and visual.
  • Tactile texture is the tactile quality of a surface, such as rough, smooth, sticky, fuzzy, soft or slick. A real texture is one you can actually feel with your hand, such as a piece of sandpaper, a wet glass, or animal fur. It also can be created by an artist by doing a collage.
  • Visual texture is a visual quality of a surface. It is the result from painting or drawing as the real texture.  Visual texture is an illusion of texture created by an artist. Paint can be manipulated to give the impression of texture, while the paper surface remains smooth and flat.   
 


This four images are axamples of Tactile texture: Wood, water, grass and paper.








 Two examples of tactile texture: textile and writing.

 
 














We can also divide  texture in another category:
  • Natural texture. It's the texture we find and it is not made by humans. For example: stones, sand, rice, etc.
  • Artificial texture. It's the texture from things made by humans. For example: a pencil, a chair, a raincoat, etc.
Which one of the above textures are natural and which artificial?

    Texture can have more impact through variation and relief - contrasting rough areas with smooth ones. That will make a painting far more interesting than an even, unrelieved texture going from edge to edge. Remember - creating textures is easy; it’s where and how you place them that makes the difference between a good painting and an ordinary one. 

Techniques that use textures:
    Collage. The term collage derives from the French "coller" meaning "glue". It is a form of art in which various materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric are arranged and glued together on a surface like paper.
    Tromp l’oeil= fool the eye. It is an art technique that creates optical illusions so the painted objects appear in three dimensions. It is usually used in murals.
Texture in sculpture
Collage by Picasso

Painting using the tromp l'oeil by Pere Borrell. 1874
Activities________________________________________________________________
1.      Sand painting.
·        Materials. Thick white paper, glue and sand.
·        Method: Apply the glue with a paintbrush creating the shapes you want. Before it dries cover the picture with sand and let it dry. Then take off the remained sand.
2.      Create printing textures.
·        Materials. Thick white paper and tempera painting.
·        Subject. A range of materials (cotton, paper, plastic, a leave, etc.)
·        Method: Paint the materials with any colour and press them softly onto the paper surface.
3.      Create rubbings textures. In this exercise, you'll start to explore the connection between touching and drawing.
·        Materials. Paper of varying weight and colour, soft pencil or chalk.
·        Subject. A range of rough surfaces. 
·        Method: Place a piece of paper directly on the surface you intend to take the rubbing form, and then use a soft pencil to rub on the paper.
                  

Tuesday, 10 April 2012

Value. Light and shade.

 Questions:______________________________________________________________
  1. Think of different light sources. 
  2. Is there any difference between natural and artificial light?
  3. What happens when there is no light? 
  4. What happens when an object stands in front of the light?
  5. Will the shade be the same if we change the position of the light?
     Light and shadows visually define objects. Before you can draw the light and shadows you see, you need to train your eyes to see like an artist.

Values are the different shades of grey between white and black. Artists use values to translate the light and shadows to create the illusion of a third dimension.



     A full range of values is the basic ingredient for shading. When you can draw lots of different values, you can begin to add shading, and therefore depth, to your drawings. With shading, the magical illusion of three-dimensional reality appears on your drawing paper.


Two kinds of Shadows
     There are two kinds of shadows that occur when one light shines on an object, a cast shadow and a form shadow.
  • Cast shadow: When an object blocks a light source it creates a shadow. A cast shadow is not a solid shape but varies in tone and value. The farther a cast shadow is from the object the lighter and softer and less defined becomes its edges.
  •  Form shadow: A form shadow is the less defined dark side on an object not facing the light source. Form shadows are subtle shadows, but they are essential for creating the illusion of volume, mass and depth.
 

  1. Where are the light values? Look for the lightest areas on the object. The very brightest of the lightest values are called highlights. 
  2. Where are the dark values? Dark values often reveal the sections of the object that are in shadow. By locating shadows, you can usually identify the light source.

Example of the use of shadows in contemporary art.

Azerbaijan artist

Exercises_____________________________________________________________
  • Look around you at different objects. Focus on only the light and dark areas and not the actual colours. Concentrate on the light and shadows. Then partly close your eyes until you see the values of that object. 
  • Draw an object on a black paper using chalk. In this exersice you have to look at the light.
  • Working with light and shade.

Monday, 9 April 2012

Form or Volume.

     Questions
  • What is a form?
  • Do you remember what a geometric shape is? Name me some.
FORM and VOLUME___________________________________________________________
   
      Form is an element of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure (i.e.: sphere, cube, cylinder, cone, etc.), as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
 A form always has three dimensions; length, width and height. When you stand next to an object you can go round it and see the three dimensions.
    Volume (three-dimensionality) can be simulated in a two-dimensional work (like a drawing) thanks to the use of light and shadows, perspective, etc.

SOLIDS_______________________________________________________________________

     Solids are three dimensional rigid bodies that occupy some volume or capacity. Solids have length, width and height.
 Type of Solids:
  • Polyhedron: regular and others.
  • Non Polyhedron
    1. Polyhedron is a geometric solid in three dimensions with flat faces and straight edges. Each surface is a polygon.
     2. Non Polyhedron: solids like cylinder, cone, and sphere have surfaces which are curved or combination of both curved and flat surfaces.

     Name shapes and find out its equivalent volume, for example: a triangle would be a pyramid or a tetrahedron. What is the difference? (Regular or other polyhedrons)



     A net of a polyhedron is an arrangement of edge-joined polygons in the plane which can be folded (along edges) to become the faces of the polyhedron. Polyhedral nets are a useful aid to the study of polyhedra and solid geometry in general, as they allow for models of polyhedra to be constructed from material such as thin cardboard.

Sculpture
Sculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials.

Chillida. El Peine de los Vientos.
Rodin. The Thinker.












Exercises____________________________________________________________________
  1. Look around you at different objects. Focus on only the light and dark areas and not the actual colours. Concentrate on the light and shadows. Then partly close your eyes until you see the values of that object.
  2. Make your own Polyhedron in a coloured cardboard. Check this page: Solid shapes and their nets.

Friday, 6 April 2012

Art tools

Do you know the name of your art tools and materials?
Materials


Now, you should know all the words. Check your knowledge playing these games
Good luck!